Updated April 11, 2017
MCC is providing a two-month supply of food in Unity State of South Sudan, the region where the United Nations recently declared a famine.
Two hundred and forty-five households will receive sorghum (grain), beans, cooking oil and salt. The distribution will take place in Rubkona County – located within Unity State – and will be carried out by MCC’s partner, Episcopal Church of Sudan - Sudanese Development Relief Agency.
Famine is a term reserved by the UN for the most dire situations meeting specific criteria for malnutrition, food shortages and death. In February the UN announced that Unity State in South Sudan meets that criteria; the first famine declaration by the UN since 2011.
The UN also warns that the world is facing the largest food crisis since the Second World War. More than 20 million people across Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan and northeast Nigeria are facing or are at risk of famine.
It’s estimated that more than 40 per cent of South Sudan’s population – almost five million people – are in urgent need of food and assistance or support for agricultural work. That number could rise to 5.5 million people by July.
In addition to our emergency response in Unity State, MCC has ongoing programs to provide urgently needed food assistance to the people of South Sudan. We are supporting South Sudanese refugees living in refugee camps in the Gambella region of Ethiopia; a shipment of MCC canned meat recently left our warehouse in Canada, and will help supplement the diet of people in the camps – mostly children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
IMC photo/Feleseta Kassaye
The ongoing conflict in South Sudan has made it difficult for humanitarian organizations to provide assistance in places such as Unity State. As rainfall stopped during the dry season, fighting increased, forcing more people to flee from South Sudan to Ethiopia. “In South Sudan, the dry season is literally called the ‘fighting season’ because the Sudd [large swamp] dries out enough for troops and equipment to once again move around the country. People are fleeing in anticipation of forced conscription into the rebel army,” Bruce Buckwalter, an MCC representative for Ethiopia, said in November.
South Sudan officially gained independence from Sudan in 2011; MCC has been working in the region since the mid-1970s. Along with food security, our current programs in South Sudan focus on trauma healing, non-violence and peacebuilding training for communities affected by the conflict. We support programs that provide food to school children and help families earn a living through vocational and agricultural training.
MCC welcomes contributions to our work in South Sudan.