Haiti

My Oma and me—building bridges with art

Madeline Kreider Carlson intertwines her journey as MCC staff working with artisans in Haiti with that of her Oma, the late Lois Kreider, who was involved with MCC’s early fair-trade project that would become Ten Thousand Villages

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti—On my first visit to Ramon St. Hilaire’s workshop, in a narrow alley in downtown Port-au-Prince, Haiti, I remember it smelled of fragrant, fresh-cut wood. Sawdust sparkled in the tropical air. Outside, stacks of wood from the obeche tree cured in the sun, waiting to be shaped into elegant bowls. During this visit, St. Hilaire showed me a newly sanded platter. I took it and turned it over in my hands, feeling something familiar in the smoothness of its form.

I had held a nearly identical platter, mahogany with a time-worn patina, just before departing for my MCC service in Haiti in 2016. My Oma, Lois Kreider, had shown it to me, explaining that my Opa, Robert Kreider, had visited MCC’s first projects in Haiti in 1962 and had made a stop in Port-au-Prince to visit a cottage industry of woodworkers.

Impressed with the quality of their work, he packed a suitcase of the mahogany pieces to show both my Oma and Edna Ruth Byler. They were involved with a fledgling MCC project that became today’s fair trade organization, Ten Thousand Villages (MCC Canada's fair trade social enterprise) which sells handmade goods from all over the world.

Holding St. Hilaire’s platter in my hands, I thought of Oma, who travelled the world working with artisans. Through her work, Oma was a bridge between those artisans and customers in Canada and the U.S. Her legacy is thousands of connections, linking people and cultures through the exchange of handmade goods. This same desire to support these meaningful global connections motivated me to work with artisans in Haiti.

Madeline Kreider Carlson (centre) and members of a learning tour composed of Ten Thousand Villages volunteers talk with metal artisan Jonas Soulouque in Noailles, Haiti.MCC photo/Annalee Giesbrecht

From Bluffton to around the world

Oma’s history with fair trade started when she saw a beautiful piece of Palestinian needlework Edna Ruth Byler had hung on her wash line in Akron, Pennsylvania while Oma and Opa were living there in 1961. As I’ve heard Oma tell it, she offered to lend a hand—and her entrepreneurial spirit—to Mrs. Byler’s initiative: The Overseas Needlepoint and Crafts Project (eventually SELFHELP Crafts and now Ten Thousand Villages).

Oma and Opa moved back to Bluffton, Ohio the next year, where Oma promoted the sale of fair trade products in churches and the community. By 1970, Oma and the Fellowship Guild of the First Mennonite Church of Bluffton began hosting two-day pre-Christmas sales in the church basement.

As the popularity of the sales increased, Oma and the Fellowship Guild began to dream of having a shop selling fair trade goods year-round. Oma eagerly encouraged the Fellowship Guild to add a thrift shop to the new store after she visited the first MCC Thrift shop in Manitoba.

In 1974, the Bluffton Et Cetera Shop opened as the first store in the U.S. to sell SELFHELP Crafts and secondhand clothing and housewares. The combined store generated revenue for MCC’s programs and provided a steady sales outlet for artisans. Oma volunteered to manage the innovative new shop.

That year, Oma and Opa took several months to travel around the world visiting MCC projects. Opa described the trip as taking them “from the border of Somalia to the Kalahari Desert of Botswana to a then-peaceful Kabul in Afghanistan to the slums of Calcutta to tropical villages in Java to the mine-infested paddies of Vietnam.”

In each place, Oma met and talked with artisans, especially women, making connections that would blossom into long-term trading partnerships with what is now Ten Thousand Villages.

Celia Hilty and Lois Kreider stand behind the counter at SELFHELP Crafts while college students examine the wares.MCC photo/Name Here

Walking in Oma’s footsteps

Holding St. Hilaire’s platter was not the first moment I realized that I was walking in Oma’s footsteps. As a child, I loved accompanying Oma and my mother to volunteer at Ten Thousand Villages. I learned about the lives and traditions of artisans as I wandered among Bangladeshi baskets and Indian necklaces.

I followed my passion for handmade traditions and fair trade all the way to Port-au-Prince, Haiti, to serve with MCC partner Comité Artisanal Haïtien (CAH; Haitian Artisan Committee). This Haitian fair trade organization represents more than 125 artisan workshops and has been a Ten Thousand Villages partner for decades.

Haiti has a rich creative tradition in which the island’s artisans make inventive use of materials, transforming cement bags into papier-mâché masks and discarded steel oil barrels into intricate metal art. St. Hilaire’s bowls and platters show ingenuity, too, because artisans have replaced the now-scarce mahogany with fast growing obeche trees as a sustainable resource.

Over the course of my time with MCC in Haiti, I often imagined Oma interacting with craftspeople on her trips. As an accomplished craftswoman and curious traveller, she became a bridge, linking these artisan communities for the first time to customers in Canada and the U.S.

At CAH, I used my experience with Canadian and U.S. businesses and consumers to help artisans translate their creativity into designs marketable to a foreign audience. I played many roles: designer, curator, trainer, coach, storyteller.

As a curator, I selected pieces with unique appeal from artisans’ galleries, like Jonas Soulouque’s cut metal tree of life, which stood out for its intricately hammered, twisted trunk. As a designer, I imagined new ways to adapt specific skills, for example, inviting papier-mâché artists to create Christmas decorations like the dinosaur ornament. And as a trainer, I created workshops where I taught design ideas like seasonal color trends, helping artisans create new products in colour schemes unfamiliar in Haiti’s bright tropical environment.

Over the course of my time with MCC in Haiti, I often imagined Oma interacting with artisans on her trips. As an accomplished craftswoman and curious traveller, she became a bridge, linking these artisan communities for the first time to customers in Canada and the U.S.

Jonas Loulouque displays his unique tree of life design.MCC photo/Annalee Giesbrecht

Access to markets

In early January, I led an MCC Haiti learning tour to Cormier, a village a few hours south of Port-au-Prince renowned for its stone carving. There, we met master carver Heston Romulus, who leads a team of four artisans in creating innovative pieces like a leaf-shaped stone incense holder developed for Ten Thousand Villages.

This learning tour group, made up almost entirely of Ten Thousand Villages volunteers, gathered in a circle, admiring the stone pieces that the carvers exhibited on a table, as Romulus talked about his creative process.

“Sometimes, even from far away,” he told us, “I can see the piece that lies within the stone.”

Fair trade advocates like my Oma and Mrs. Byler understood that artisans around the world have no lack of talent. Instead, they suffer from unjust global systems: wealth inequality, lack of access to education and infrastructure and unbalanced trade policies. Fair trade recognizes the skill, creativity and resourcefulness of artisans and provides the missing link: access to a market.

For an artisan like Romulus, access to a market like Ten Thousand Villages means months of income for him and his team—and even more if the orders continue. Given this, Romulus was delighted to hear from our group that his leaf incense holders had been popular purchases during the holiday season.

Lois Kreider, second from left, visits a SELFHELP Crafts warehouse in 1980 with her children and grandchildren.MCC photo/Robert Kreider

Being a bridge

In the years between Oma’s travels and my service in Haiti, fair trade has grown and evolved. Locally-run organizations like CAH coordinate their own production and logistics. Opa’s suitcase has been replaced by shipping containers.

In Ten Thousand Villages stores, paid staff now work alongside volunteers. Similarly, MCC’s approach to relief, development and peacebuilding evolved over time to focus on supporting visionary local partners, valuing community-rooted expertise and wisdom—a philosophy very similar to that of Ten Thousand Villages, which values the beauty of community craft traditions and dignity of craftspeople.

Yet through these changes, as Oma said in a 2014 speech honoring the Bluffton Et Cetera Shop’s 40th anniversary: “There are some things we do not want to see changed: the commitment of so many dedicated persons; the consistent vision of shops to care about local and global communities; the satisfaction of working together with those of other churches; the meaningful program of MCC and the awareness it brings of needs and challenges from around the world.”

This is what I learned from Oma: that we each have an opportunity to be a bridge. Oma saw that a handmade platter is not just a beautiful, functional object but is also a source of dignity, a spark of global curiosity and a vessel for human connection.

Madeline Kreider Carlson worked with MCC in Haiti, serving with Comité Artisanal Haïtien from 2016 to early 2019. Lois Kreider passed away on January 31, 2019. She was 94 years old.

Top photo: Lois Kreider works in the weaving studio at the Et Cetera shop in Newton, Kansas. Photo courtesy of Newton Now/Wendy Nugent